The Type trinity 75mm Rapid-fire gun, the Main Japanese force in the Russo-Japanese War: Sasha’s Weapon Atlas No. 264


The Weapon Museum of Nanjing University of Science and Technology is a treasure house which is not open to the public. There are many interesting weapons in it.The propaganda materials of the museum put it very well: it can be said that after the war of resistance to the United States and assistance to Korea, every war won by our army was closely related to the scientific research carried out in this institution of higher learning.It can also be said that every major breakthrough in weapon science and technology of new China embodies the infinite wisdom and hard work of nanyi workers.This time, the handsome photographer found all the photos, and Sasha took us to have a look.The Type trinity 75mm rapid-fire gun, the main force of the Japanese army in the Russo-Japanese War: Sasha’s Weapon Map No.264 Today’s hero is the Japanese Type trinity 75mm rapid-fire gun.The gun is an old gun, the first one developed by the Japanese in 1898.At that time, Japan’s military industry was still weak, relying on buying and simply copying artillery from foreign powers.As the first rapid-fire gun developed by Japan itself, the Type trinity was also not advanced at the time.Although it used smokeless powder, the gun frame was rigid and not in line with world trends.Arguably, the Trinity was obsolete no sooner had it been put into production.Strictly speaking, the Sany is not a self-developed gun, it’s more like assembly.Under the direction of Daisaku Arizaka, Japan will purchase 220 barrels and 400 semi-finished barrels from Klube and 400 racks from Schneider, which will be assembled at the Tokyo Artillery Factory.The guns are 75 mm in caliber and have a rate of fire of seven rounds per minute. The field guns have a maximum range of 6,200 meters and the mountain guns have a range of 4,600 meters.Although the theoretical rate of fire was good, the gun carriage was outdated and had to be pushed back to aim after each shot.The combat rate of fire was only 2 to 3 rounds per minute, which was too slow and easily suppressed by enemy artillery.In the Russo-Japanese war of 1904, Russia replaced a large number of retractable artillery, while The Japanese artillery had to fight with the inefficient Type Trinity.After being badly repaired by the Tsarist artillery, The Japanese rushed to Germany for 75 mm, 120 mm, 150 mm and other types of tubeback field guns.The war was over before most of these guns arrived.The Trinity still has some advantages of its own.The Type trinity is divided into non-removable field guns and removable mountain guns.The mountain cannon is only 320kg and can be disassembled into five parts, the heaviest of which is 107kg and can be carried by mules.Mountain cannon shells are about 6 kg, a horse can also carry several rounds.Mountain cannon can be disassembled and then follow the infantry to the front line combat, can provide the infantry badly needed artillery cover, or more practical.The Type trinity became obsolete and was phased out by the Japanese after the Russo-Japanese War and replaced with an advanced barrel gun.The Japanese army sold the Sany at a low price to the Northern Warlord of China.The artillery of the various factions of the Northern warlords was very weak, and the Type trinity was not backward for them.The Gun was used in China for more than 20 years and was still used by some units of the Central Army during the Anti-Japanese War.The biggest problem with the Trinity is its lack of range and slow rate of fire.As for rate of fire, the Central army can’t improve it, but it can improve its range.By building a position in advance and firing artillery shells at a high elevation, the range can be increased to more than 7,000 meters.However, the range of the mountain artillery are more than 8000 meters, after all, slightly better than no.Interestingly, at the end of the Second World War, the Japanese army had too much artillery consumption, and the front artillery had no artillery available.In desperation, the Japanese army will also take out a small amount of inventory of the Trinity type, sent to the front line troops for use.During the Battle of Imphal, India in 1944, the British army captured the Type trinity mountain cannon.

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