The surrender of Japanese forces in Vietnam during world War II


On August 15, 1945, Japan announced its unconditional surrender.Subsequently, the Allied forces demarcated the surrender area, which stipulated that the North of Vietnam 17 degrees north latitude is responsible for the Chinese theater, will accept the Japanese surrender by China.Chiang kai-shek made great efforts to send the troops to surrender, and finally decided to send the Dian troops to surrender.The ostensible reason was that Yunnan had made great efforts and sacrifices during the War of Resistance against Japanese aggression, and thus the honor of surrender was handed over to the Dian Army.Long Yun for Chiang Kai-shek’s move, Yunnan Province chairman Long Yun is suspicious.As a place to let Chiang Kai-shek’s heart there is a strong warlord, Dragon Cloud know that he has been Chiang Kai-shek deliberately want to deal with the people, this time no matter gallant, I am afraid is nothing good.But for Chiang Kai-shek promised to surrender all captured weapons and equipment to the Dian Army proposal, Longyun could not refuse.At this time, Chiang Kai-shek also proposed the arrangement of surrender. One of the two troops of the Dian Army would go to Vietnam to surrender and the other would be assembled at the border to support The Vietnamese side at any time. Yunnan could also provide timely assistance in case of emergencies.In this way, Longyun seemed to have nothing to worry about, so he agreed to send Lu Han and the Dian army to surrender.But in The rate of Lu Han army set out, Longyun inexplicably felt the crisis, so the telegram Lu Han, pay close attention to the movement of Yunnan, once kunming order to return in time.After some internal game, the Chinese army is determined.The Vietnamese situation at this time is very complex, the Japanese launched an attack on the French colonial government three months ago occupied the entire territory of Vietnam, and at this time the French would like to take the opportunity to come back, responsible for the 17 degrees line south of the British to receive full support for the matter.Vietnam’s own national liberation forces wanted to take the opportunity to expel the Japanese invaders and establish their own regime.Chiang kai-shek’s general solution to the situation in Vietnam was to stay neutral and not take part in any side.But in fact, China has given considerable support to Vietnam’s ethnic groups.As mentioned earlier, the United States had wanted to hand Over Vietnam to China in order to weaken French and even British power in Southeast Asia. Chiang Kai-shek refused to accept the surrender of North Vietnam, but now he still handed over the task to China, which was somewhat suspected of driving a wedge between China and Britain.As the most powerful country in the past, declining Britain chose to support France as its helping hand in order to fight against the two emerging powers of the Soviet Union and the United States.So not only did Britain offer France a permanent seat on the Security Council, but it also supported France around the world to help it regain its former sphere of influence, including in Vietnam.The English have been making conditions for the French in every way, and the declining French have been making opportunities for themselves.The former commander of the French army in Vietnam, who had fled China, demanded that French planes parked in China be flown to Hanoi.As this is misleading public opinion, causing the suspicion of France leading the surrender, was rejected by the Chinese military, the army headquarters strictly ordered yunnan to detain the French aircraft, not to take off without authorization.From this point of view, China is very clear about France’s calculations.Later, however, the Nationalist Ministry of Foreign Affairs agreed to a French request to allow its planes to travel to Hanoi.But in Vietnam, where the Chinese military kept a tight grip, France was largely a nonfactor during the surrender, not allowed to perform politically.During the surrender, a French fleet tried to land and was badly beaten. They forgot that the Chinese army was no longer the Chinese army of the past, it was an army with the title of victor.How could a failed country like France be taken for granted?As a matter of fact, China’s military and political parties have different views on the Vietnam issue.The military wants to control Vietnam, occupy it for a long time and help Vietnam to become independent, under The Chinese mandate.On the other hand, the south Korean government is dealing with the issue in accordance with the principle of returning Vietnam to France.But in terms of general policy, Chiang Kai-shek had already established that the Chinese military could only crush France during the period of surrender and try to break its spirit in every way possible.For example, as soon as Lu Han arrived in Hanoi, he took over the governor-general’s office from the French without ceremony. In addition to refusing to accept French people, such as garrison and administrative personnel, he also “treated the French with special respect” at the surrender ceremony. Only the flags of China, the United States, Britain and the Soviet Union were displayed at the meeting place, and French representatives were only allowed to attend in their own names.When he mentioned that the French flag was not flying at the venue, Luhan said no.In short, during the period of Yue’s surrender, the Chinese military did not show much courtesy to France.Chinese gendarmes forced French banks and interfered with French financial policies in Vietnam, safeguarding the interests of overseas Chinese and Vietnamese people.One year after China entered Vietnam, taking into account the domestic and international situation, China ended its acceptance of north Vietnam and withdrew from Vietnam. The French immediately sent their troops to enter North Vietnam.This surrender, in addition to effectively shaping the image of the victorious country to the outside world, China also carried out a rational, powerful and restrained containment of France.The French would never have gone back to Vietnam had it not been for the troubles in China and the north.However, China gave proper consideration to the Vietnamese people’s demands for independence and freedom during the occupation, which eventually became the basis for Vietnam to fight back the French army and gain independence.In addition, as for the concerns of Longyun eventually became true, Chiang Kai-shek’s dry general Du Yuming took the main yunnan army to launch a coup, the Longyun from the position of the chairman of Yunnan province down, but a pile of Chiang Kai-shek’s mind.

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